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FY 1982 R DT&E DESC RIPTIVE SUMMARY 

ProRram Element: J12431F -- Title: Hofcnse .SufJ?ort_ fr?8 r ?£ 

Btuigol Activity: St rateg ic Projjr<im8 u J_} 

(SA RESOURCES (PROJECT LISTING): (S In thousands) 

^ Total 

Project FY 1980 FY 1981 FY 1982 FY 1983 Additional Estimated 

Number Title Actual Estimate Estimate Estimate to Completion Costs 



TOTAL FOR PROGRAM ELEMENT 31,000 87,570 146,300 TBD Continuing Not Applicable 

(f^) BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF ELEMENT AND MI SSION NEED: The Defense Support Program Is the key element of_ the Worldwide 
Military Command and Control System 

The system consists of 
satellites two large processing stations, one simplified processing station, and a ground communi- 

cations network. 

$ BASIS FOR FY 1982 RDT&E REQUEST : Funds are included for the design and development of satellite 14 and beyond with 
survivability upgrades. The design and development will be completed in FY 1983. Production of satellites 14 - 17 will 
start In FY 1982 for those components which are not new and do not require major redesign. Continuation of modifications 
for compatibility with Shuttle/Titan III(34)D/Inertial Upper Stage is included. Two satellites scheduled for a FY 1981 
delivery will be Titan III(34)D/Inertiai Upper Stage compatible and two satellites scheduled for a FY 1982 delivery will 
be Shuttle/Inertial Upper Stage compatible. Mobile Ground Terminal (HCT) and the associated user interface__design will be 
completed in FY 1982." Funds 

are also included for General Systems Engineering/Integration. Cost data were derived by the Air Force Systems Command's 
Program Office, using a combination of contractor estimates and past experience. 

(U) COMPARISON WITH FY 1981 DESCRIPTIVE SUMMARY: 













Total 




FY 1981 


FY 1982 


FY 1983 


Additional 


Estimated 


FY 1980 


Estimate 
72,900 


Estimate 
13 5,300 


Estimate 
153,100 


to Completion 
Continuing 


Costs 


31,000 


Not Applicable 


103,862 


51,931 


192,280 


173,200 


Continuing 


Not Applicable 


26,574 


90,132 


10,733 


75,100 


Continuing 


Not Applicable 



RDT&E 

Procurement (Missile) 

Procurement (Other) 

(U) OTHER APPROPRIATION FUNDS : 

| Procurement (Missile) 103,862 52,008 230,254 200,260 Continuing Not Applicable 

(Quantity) (1 retrofit) (Start 4) (Continue 4) 

iProcurement (Other )( Includes initial spares) 26,574 70,305 101,806 9,357 Continuing Not Applicable 

(Quantity) (2 MGTs) (3 MGTs) 

{Operations and Maintenance 33,505 50,835 53,434 . 63,118 Continuing Not Applicable 



■ W^^ 



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ProRram Element: #1243lP Title: Defense Support Program 

Budget Activity: Strategic Programs, *3 

(JO DETAILED BACKGROUND AND DESCRIPTION : The Defense Support Program (USP) was developed 

DSP satellites contain Infrared sensors. 
The system Is operational 

to the National Command Authorities (NCA) and other designated users. 

The system's current deployment consists of 

Two dedicated 
ground stations, one overseas and one within the Continental United States (CONUS) 

The Simplified Processing Station provides a backup capability to the current ground 
stations to enhance mission data survivability 

It Is currently deployed In the CONUS, but can be moved overseas In about a two week period. The 
Joint Chiefs of Staff have designated the Aerospace Defense Command, Strategic Air Command, National Military Command 
System, .Atlantic Command, Pacific Command, European Command, 

as users of DSP data. Evolutionary satellite Improvements are Intended to prolong 
the useful life of each satellite, make the satellite more survlvable increase the viewing area 

of each satellite, and Increase the accuracy of data provided 

for the NCA decision-making process. Modifications under development will ensure that the DSP payloada are compatible 
with Shuttle/Titan III(34)D/Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) capabilities. The Mobile Ground Terminals will provide DSP data 
survivability by developing a truck mounted data processing and communication capability 

Future satellites scheduled for delivery starting In FY 1985 will Include significant data 
survivability improvements. 

(/) RELATED ACTIVITIES : 

Defense Satellite Communications System (P.E. 33110F) 
provides primary communications routing for DSP overseas data and will help provide Mobile Ground Terminal communica- 
tions. Space Boosters (P.E. 35119F) proviJes launch support. Space Vehicle Subsystems Advanced Development (P.E. 6340IF) 
is developing technology for improved satellite stabilization techniques. The National Emergency Airborne Coran^and Post 
(P.E. 32015F) and Post-Attack Command and Control System (P.E. 11312F) are potential users of DSP data. DSP Is the key 
element of the Worldwide Military Command and Control Systems (WWMCCS) 

After transition to the Space Shuttle, Space Launch Support 
Program (P.E. 35171P) will provide IUSs and Space Shuttle flights for DSP missions. DSP Communications (P.E. 12447F) 
provides operations and maintenance for the DSP Ground Communication Network. 



>*'? 



Program Element: #12431F 



Title: Defense Support Program 

Budget Activity: Strategic Progr.ims, /3 



(U) WORK PERFORM ED BY: Comman.l.-r : ; ..hlef, Aerospace Dtfenae Command, maintains operational control of Defense Support 
Program (DSP) for the Joint Chieia of Staff. Strategic Air Command and the Air Force Communications Command are the 
system operators and maintainers of the DSP ground stations. Air Force Systems Command's Space Division, Los Angeles, 
CA, has overaLl development and procurement management responsibility and program management of the satellites. The Air 
Force Logistics Command provides engineering and logistics support. Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force 
Base, NM, will provide facility support. The Air Force Test and Evaluation Center, Kirtland Air Force Base, NM, partici- 
Ipates In test and evaluation of selected system segments. TRW, Redondo Beach, CA, is the prime contractor for tne space- 
craft and satellite integration. Aerojet Electro Systems Company, Azusa, CA, is the prime contractor for the infrared 
sensor and the computer replacement. The Martin-Marietta Aerospace Company, Denver, CO, builds the Titan III boosters. 
The Department of Energy (Sandia Corporation) IBM, Thousand Oaks, 

CA, is the prime contractor for all software efforts as well as the prime contractor on the Simplified Processing Station 
and Mobile Ground Terminals. Technology Development Corporation of Santa Clara, CA, is the prime contractor for the 
Ground Communications Network. The Aerospace Corporation, Inglewood, CA, furnishes general systems engineering/integra- 
tion for the DSP System Program Office. 

(U) PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND FUTURE PROGRAMS : 

1. (g) FY 1980 and Prior Accomplishments : Significant accomplishments to date include procurement of 13 satellites and 
12 Tftan IlIC boosters, construction of two data processing facilities, and provision of user displays, software, 
communications and a training facility (also used for software development and mission data analyaia), comoletlon of 
Research and Development (R&D) for modifications to satellites 10-12 to improve survivability and 

to provide data survivability, completion of R&D for an improved focal plane for satellite 13 and completion of develop- 
ment of hardware and software for tUe Simplified Processing Station. Development, initiated in FY 1976, continues on an 
improved sensor to provide Increased viewing area 

In June 1976, a software package was delivered which enables the 

Development of 
modifications for satellite retrofit to improve survivsbility _ was initiated. R&D support for 

DSP augmentation was completed. Ground station modifications for compatibility with a satellite anti-Jam commsnd capa- 
bility were completed. Satellite Tracking Set Training Equipment was delivered. 



5>0 



Program Element: #12431F 



Title: Defense Su p port Pro grnca 

Budget Activity: Strate gic I'rog r.i*nn L ' 1 



Funding ensuring Titan II 1(34 )D/Shuctle/ Inert 1 «1 
Upper Stage (IUS) compatibility continues. In December 1978 the Simplified Processing Station (SPS) was shipped 

for Initial Operational Teat and Evaluation. The testing was completed In June 
1979. A satellite calibration experiment was performed An upgrade to th«» 

Ground Communications Network started in August 1979 to provide data to an Airborne Command Post. In June 1980 a contract 
was awarded to replace the computers in the Defense Support Program (DSP) ground stations and the training and development 
facilities. This replacement Is necessary to provide processing capability for new satellites and to avoid obsolescence. 



2. {jfi FY 1981 Planned Program : 



the option that increased the survivability of the current DSP. 

These survivability upgrades include the following: 
to the ground processing of satellite data 

rebroadcast capability 



In February 1980 the Deputy Secretary of Defense chose 

(1) Mobile Ground Terminal will provide survivability 
(2) a satel lite-to-satel lite crosslink 

(3) a Mission Data Message 



Design of the Mobile Ground Terminals and the associated user interfaces will start in FY 1981. The basic 
computers and software will be the same as those used in the Simplified Processing Station. The design funds will be 
used primarily for the repackaging of the components, the new antenna subsystem, and to ensure that the mobility require- 
ments are met. A total of six Mobile Ground Terminals are required to ensure survivability of DSP data with today's 
threat. 

Two MGTs are planned for procurement in FY 1981. 
Also the design and development of the survivability upgrades, which will be incorporated on satellite H and beyond, 
will start in FY 1981. 

Expenditures include the continuation of the DSP satellite compatibility development with the 
Shuttle/Titan III(34)D/IUS. This development is necessary to ensure that the DSP satellites are compatible with the IUS 
interfaces and support the program transition to a Shuttle launch capability. The development efforts will be applied 
to Insure that the system design will incorporate launch and recovery loads, safety requirements, Interface compatibility 
and contamination protection. The current plan for DSP satellite launches is as follows: one more Titan IIIC launch, 
two Titan III(34)D/IUS launches, and all subsequent launches on Shuttle/IUS. Orbital operations data analysis, surviv- 
ability and satellite improvement efforts will continue. 



ft i 



Procram Element: 012431F 



Title: Defense Support Program 

Budget Activity: Str ategic Progra ms, #3 



3- (U) FY 1982 Planned Program : A major part of the FY 1982 funds will be applied to r.he design and development of the 
satellite 14 and beyond survivability upgrades- The components for satellite 14 fall In one of the following three 
categories: (1) those that are the same as on previous satellites; (2) those that require various levels of redesign due 
to obsolescence, shuttle compatibility, etc.; and (3) those that require design and development (primarily the survi- 
vability upgrades). In order to meet the projected need date and to make the survivability upgrades available as soon as 
possible, the production program is planned to start In FY 1982 before the components in category (3) above have completed 
design and development. This approach Is considered low risk because the category (1) and (2) components form the basic 
satellite. The FY 1982 planned production program Includes a block buy of satellites 14-17 starting In FY 1982 with 
Incremental funding through FY 1986. This programming approach will save over $130 million for the four satellite 
procurement over the business as usual method which would require the full funding procurement of one satellite each in 
FY 1982, FY 1983, FY 1984, and FY 1986. The development of the payload/Titan III(34)D/Shuttle/Inertial Upper Stage 
compatibility will continue. The Mobile Ground Terminal and associated user interface design will be completed. Three 
production Mobile Ground Terminals are planned for procurement. General system engineering/integration will be continued. 
Orbital operations data analysis, survivability, computer software improvements, and satellite improvement efforts will 
continue. The changes from the FY 1981 submission reflect: more accurate cost data for the survivability upgrades for 
RDT&E and procurement (missile); and the Mobile Ground Terminal and computer replacement reschedule in procurement 
(other). 

4. (U) FY 1983 Planned Program : The satellite survivability upgrade design and development will be completed. The 
development of the payload/Titan III(34)D/Shuttle/Inertial Upper Stage compatibility will continue. General system 
engineering/integration will continue, as well as orbital operations data analysis, survivability, computer software 
Improvements and satellite improvement efforts. 

5. (U) Program to Completion : This is a continuing program. RDT&E funding will support continuing satellite/system 
development in support of Department of Defense requirements. Primary emphasis will be directed toward eliminating or 
minimizing operational employment deficiencies, the use of the Space Shuttle and/or Titan III(34)D/IUS in lieu of the 
Titan IIIC, the development of a survlvable DSP system through Mobile Ground Terminals and satellite upgrades, and the 
adequacy of the ground station data processing capability. 



6. 



/) 



Milestones: 



Date 



A. 

B. 

C 

D. Delivery of Satellite #5 

E. 

F. Delivery of Satellite #6 

G. Delivery of Dual Satellite Software 



Mar 1973. 

Jul 1973 
Feb 1974 



r**. 



Program Element ; #12431F 



II. 
I. 
J. 
K. 
L. 
M. 
N- 
0. 
P. 

Q- 
R. 

S. 

T. 
U. 
V. 
W. 

x. 



Delivery of Satellite #8 
Delivery of Satellite #7 
Delivery of Satellite 99 



Delivery of Simplified Processing Station (SPS) 



Filler Def ense Support Pro gram 

R.i.ltfet Activity: Strategic Proyr 'ins , M 

M*y I-))'* 
Oct I 'J 7/. 
Mflr D75 



Dec 1'978 



Deliver Simplified Processing Station I. ink Status Capability 

Retrofit of Titan III(34)D/Inertial Upper Stage (1US) Compatible Satellite Complete 

Retrofit of Shuttle/IUS Compatible Satellite Complete 

Completion of Ground Communications Network Upgrade 

Completion of Computer Replacement 

Satellite #14 Delivery 
Satellite Launches 



IQ CY 
4Q CY 
3Q CY 
IQ CY 
2q CY 



1981 
1981 
1982 
1983 
1983 



4q CY 1985 
As required 



*A3 



Budget Activity: Strategic .Programs , ^3 
Program Element: tf I 2^i 3 1 F , Defense Support Program 

Test and Evaluation Data 



1. </) 



Dev elopment Test and Eva luati on: The Defense Support Program has been designed, developed, tested and deployed 
as an operational system In the early 1970' s. The system is a classified space program consisting of ground control and 
readout stations that receive data from satellites, process the data, 

to the National Command Authorities and military commanders for decision-making purposes. Development, Test 
and Evaluation/Initial Operational Test and Evaluation on the prototype Simplified Processing Station was completed in 
1978. Over the next several years three major system upgrades will require Development Test, and Evaluation. They are 
the Sensor Evolutionary Development and Advanced Atmospheric Burst Locator upgrades, the Mobile Ground Terminals, and 
rhp Sat-pHfrfk 14 and bevond survivability upgrades. 



These upgrades have three different elements: the satellite, the software modifications and the ground station upgrade 
wtyich Involves replacing the computers. The sensor portion of the satellite is being produced by Aerojet Elf-ctroSystem.i 
Corporation and the spacecraft Is being produced and Integrated by TRW, Incorporated. Development, Test and Evaluation 
will be performed at the Aerojet ElectroSystems Corporation and TRW facilities prior to government acceptance, which is 
scheduled for fiscal year 1982. The satellites will then be stored until there Is a launch requirement. The computers 
are being replaced at all Defense Support Program locations by Aerojet ElectroSystems Corporation. This rep]acemen: Is 
scheduled to be completed by fiscal year 1983. Development, Test and Evaluation will be accomplished on this replace- 
ment In conjunction with acceptance testing. The system software Is being modified to accommodate the Sensor Evolution- 
ary Development satellites by International Business Machines Corporation. Development, Test and Evaluation will be 
accomplished prior to turnover to Strategic Air Command (scheduled for fiscal year 1982) who will Integrate the software 
Into the operational system. This Initial software Installation will process data from the current satellite configu- 
ration. When the first Sensor Evolutionary Development satellite is launched, Air Force Systems Command will accomplish 
a system level Development, Test and Evaluation to insure that ail elements of the system work together, Including the 
satellite, the ground station hardware and the software. The purpose of the Mobile Ground Terminals Is to provide sur- 
vivability to the Defense Support Program ground processing and communication elements through mobility. Thuy will use 
the same computer hardware and software as the Simplified Processing Station. The prime contractor wi,ll be Interna- 
tional Business Machines Corporation. Development, Test and Evaluation will be accomplished on the antenna which is new 
and at the Mobile Ground Terminal system level to ensure that the Mobile Ground Terminal can meet lt8 mobility and com- 
munication goals. Satellite 14 and beyond will include several survivability upgrades directed by a Defense System 
Acquisition Review Council. 



52 



or. 



Bullet Activity: Strategic Programs, 'M 
Program Element: ^ 1 2-* 3_1 F L Defense Suppi-rl Program 



Development of these satellites will start (n l.tte fiscal year l'*8l and tin- first will be Jo 1 i vlTi-J in late fiscal 
year 1985. The ground station and software modifications have not been defined. T!ie Development, Test and Evaluation 
program for these upgrades will be very similar to the. Sensor Evolutionary Development Development, Test and Evaluation 



program. 



2. ^e) Operational Test and Evaluation: Combined Development , Test and Evaluation and Initial Operational Test and 
Evaluation was performed on the Defense Support Program prototype Simplified Processing Station from 26 August 1978 to 
6 November 1978 at Vandenberg Air Force Base. California. This combined test was then followed by dedicated Initial 
Operational Test and Evaluation Space Division was respon- 

sible for Development, Test and Evaluation while the Air Force Test and Evaluation Center, assisted by personnel from 
the Aerospace Defense Command (operating command for Defense Support Program), managed and conducted initial Operational 
Test and Evaluation. Initial Operational Tost and Evaluation was conducted using simulated and "real world" missile 
launch events with prototype Simplified Processing Station hardware and software. The objectives were co evaluate the 
system's performance and to estimate the reliability, availability and maintainability of an operationally deployed sys- 
tem. The Initial Operational Test and Evaluation report, October 1979, identified three. major deficiencies which would 
prevent the Simplified Processing Station from being operationally useful. These were: 

and excessive computer- 
generated message errur rate - mission messages were periodically rejected at. the data distribution center because of 
parity error. As a result, mission messages were lost. 

Phase I follow-on opera c ional_ test and evaluation 
of the Simplified Processing Station was conducted by Air Force Test and Evaluation Center 

from 7 January 1980 through 5 February 1980. "The purpose of the 
Phase I follow-on oper.it tonal test and evaluation was to confirm correction of the deficiencies Identified during Ini- 
tial Operational Test and Evaluation 

.strategic Air Command will conduct a JU-day Phase II follow-on operational test and evaluation in January 
1981 to confirm the effectiveness of this procedure and to support the declaration of an initial operational capability. 
Operational Test and Evaluation for the Sensor Evolutionary Development satellites and Advanced Atmospheric Burst Loca- 
tor, Mobile Ground Terminals and satellite 14 and beyond Is currently being defined. 



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